Fire Doors: Frequently Asked Questions

Fire Doors: Frequently Asked Questions

In case of a fire emergency, fire doors are essential in all structures to help prevent the spread of the fire. Fire doors come in various styles, when planning to get one, it is always necessary to have some fundamental knowledge about them. In this blog post, we answer some commonly asked questions concerning fire doors to help clarify the red herring. Take a detailed look here.

What is a fire door?

A fire door is a kind of door designed to survive direct fire exposure without enabling the fire to spread towards the other side of the doorway. They usually consist of a solid wood door and a variety of auxiliary components, such as door hinges, that are specifically designed for use with fire doors. Fire doors are generally used to control fires, act as a heat shield, and protect evacuation routes and shelters. The proper application of fire doors, as well as the standards that must be maintained, is controlled by a variety of different safety codes. These guidelines apply to all commercial, residential, and industrial buildings.

What is the purpose of fire doors?

Fire doors aid in the containment of the fire, smoke and fumes in the event of an outbreak. Fire doors are essential in all fire-prone areas of industrial, commercial, and residential structures. Commercial kitchens, labs, manufacturing facilities, refineries, research sites, and institutes are all places where fire doors are demanded.

What goes into the manufacturing of fire doors?

Fire doors are manufactured using a range of techniques by various manufacturers. They are designed with significant outcomes in mind. While there are many different types of fire doors, each is designed to defend against fire by withstanding heat and smoke. The essential components of a fire door are supported by a testing set. Having stated that, every manufacturer’s goal is to acquire the desired grade. FD30, FD60, FD90, and FD120 are the most frequent fire ratings. The FD in this grade stands for “Fire Doors,” and the numbers indicate how long the different fire-resistant doors can keep a fire from spreading. As in any or most fire safety products, it is recommended to utilise products that have been tested by relevant national and international standards to ensure their efficacy in the case of a fire. Acceptable standards in India are BS 476, IS 3614, or equivalent. However, depending on the requirements of the consumers, a fire door can have a variety of finishes, including paint grade, veneered, laminate, and foil. A vision panel can be added to a fire door to improve its functionality.

What materials are used for fire doors?

Materials like timber, metal, steel, glass, gypsum and vermiculite boards are widely used in the construction of fire doors. They are made of strong materials and have a sturdy construction, providing it with the necessary resilience, using material that adds weight to the door. The weight behind a door is important because it can help to control fire and keep it from spreading. As a result, while selecting fire doors, consider the quality of the materials being used in their design to assure excellent protection.

Do fire doors help with acoustics?

Fire doors can be sound-proofed, but additional elements are needed. Noise transfer can be avoided by using appropriate materials, such as various types of glass and acoustic seals to accomplish the door set.

What is the procedure for testing fire doorsets?

External third testing companies conduct tests to see if the fire rating offered by the manufacturer is the same as advertised. The purpose of the test is to determine the amount of time that doors can prevent a fire, in order to determine the integrity of the manufacturer’s rating.

What is the mechanism of a fire door?

The majority of fire doors are meant to remain closed at all times. Some doors are designed to remain open under normal conditions and automatically close in the event of a fire. Whatever mechanism is employed, the movement of the door should never be hampered by a doorstop or other obstruction. The fire retardant and smoke-seal boundaries of fire doors, as well as the function of the door closer and latch, should be inspected on a regular basis.
Some fire doors are held in position by an electromagnet that is usually connected to a fire alarm system. If the electricity goes off or the fire alarm activates, the coil de-energizes and the door closes. Wireless, battery-powered fire door retainers can also be implemented to monitor fire doors are open safely and legally.
Fire doors are tested to ensure that they can resist standard time temperatures for a particular time frame. An authorised laboratory certifies the fire doors. The certification is only valid if all components of the installation are specified and installed appropriately.

What characteristics should one look for in a fire door?

The following are the characteristics to look for in a fire door: The material of the fire door, whether steel or wood or any other as per requirement. The fire rating is the amount of time that a fire door will prevent a fire from spreading further. The accessories utilised, as well as specifications such as door framework design, steel sheet thicknesses, door shutter thickness, and so on, according to the typology test report and Material test certificate issued by the door manufacturer. Furthermore, the type of test certificates of the door manufacturer, from which labs, whether government-approved labs or reputed private labs, and traceability of sourcing from the original door manufacturer, the applicable standards of the tests conducted on the fire doors, and the fire door manufacturer’s experience must be considered.

Where Are Fire Doors Required?

Buildings are intended to be zoned, and fire doors are installed to help create safe routes in the case of a fire. Every fire door is positioned keeping in mind the fire threats associated with the building. They’re utilised to effectively protect against evacuation outlets and to divide buildings into fire-safe zones. As a result, they must be installed in each and every construction.

What Are the Advantages of Using Fire Doors?

Fire doors have the potential to save lives. While you are probably aware of this, there are numerous more advantages to using fire rated doors, a few of which are stated below:
Fire doors are built of fire-resistant materials such as wood, glass, and steel. All of which can endure fire for a limited duration. When it comes to safety, strong, long-lasting materials are essential which is the key feature of a fire door.
Fire doors provide for a speedy and safe evacuation, they give people enough time to escape a fire outburst. This is because they are strategically positioned to provide a safe route for occupants to reach the assembly point.
Fire doors reduce property damage because they can withstand heat and prevent the spread of fire, smoke, and gases inside a building, and they can eventually reduce the damage caused.

What are the different types of fire doors manufactured by Navair?

Types of fire doors manufactured by Navair are:
Wooden Fire Rated Door
Steel Fire Rated Door
Wooden Fire Rated Cum Acoustic Door
Steel Glazed Fire Door
UL Fire Door

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